This is a partial list of publications based on The Field Museum’s recent bird and mammal work in Africa, especially in Malawi, Democratic Republic of the Congo, and Uganda. Many of these papers use samples collected on our expeditions to these countries while some present results of these expeditions. Where available, click on the citation to download a pdf of the paper.

Click here for the full contents of the Annales des Sciences of the Université Officielle de Bukavu.


Bates, John M., R. C. K. Bowie, D. E. Willard, G. Voelker, and C. Kahindo (2004). A need for continued collecting of avian voucher specimens in Africa, or: Why blood is not enough. Ostrich 75:187-191.

Beresford, P. (2003). Molecular systematics of Alethe, Sheppardia and some other African robins (Muscicapoidea). Ostrich. 74: 58–73.

Beresford, P. and J. Cracraft (1999). Speciation in African forest robins (Stiphrornis): species limits, phylogenetic relationships, and molecular biogeography. American Museum Novitates. 3270: 1-22.

Bober, S.O., M. Herremans, M. Louette, J.C. Kerbis Peterhans and J.M. Bates (2001). Geographical and altitudinal distribution of endemic birds in the Albertine Rift. Ostrich Supplement 15: 189-196.

Bowie, R.C.K., Fjeldså, J., Hackett, S.J. and Crowe, T.M. (2004) Molecular evolution in space and though time: mtDNA phylogeography of the Olive Sunbird (Nectarinia olivacea/obscura) throughout continental Africa. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 33(1): 56-74.

Bowie, C. K. R., J Fjeldså, S. J. Hackett, J. M. Bates, and T. M. Crowe (2006). Coalescent models reveal the relative roles of ancestral polymorphism, vicariance, and dispersal in shaping phylogeographical structure of an African montane forest robin. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 38 171-188.

Bowie, R.K., A. Sellas, and K.A. Feldheim (2009). Development of ten highly polymorphic microsatellite markers for sunbirds (Aves: Nectariniidae) with broad cross-amplification utility in at least eight species. Conservation Genetics. 11(3): 1159-1162.

Bowie, R.C.K., G. Voelker, J. Fjeldså, L. Lens, S.J. Hackett, and T.M. Crowe (2005). Systematics of the Olive Thrush Turdus olivaceus species complex with reference to the taxonomic status of the endangered Taita Thrush T. helleri. Journal of Avian Biology. 36: 391-404.

Cibois, A. and J. Cracraft (2004). Assessing the passerina "Tapestry": phylogenetic relationships pf the Muscicapoidea inferred from nuclear DNA sequences. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 32: 264-273.

Engel, J.I. (2011) Possible predation of a Pygmy Falcon by a Tawny Falcon in Namibia. Ornithological Observations. 2: 34-35.

Engel, J.I. (2014) Observations of visible northbound passage in Uganda and the Democratic Republic of Congo. Ornithological Observations. 5: 462-464.

Engel, J.I., J.M. Bates, J.D. Weckstein, T.P. Gnoske, and P.M. Kaliba (2013). The avifauna of Vwaza Marsh Wildlife Reserve, Malawi. Journal of East African Natural History. 101: 223-240.

Engel, J.I., K. Byamana, C. Kahindo, J. Fjeldså, and J.M. Bates (2014). Genetic structure offers insights into the evolution of migration and the taxonomy of the Barred Long-tailled Cuckoo Cercococcyx montanus species complex. Ibis.156: 330-340.

Engel, J.I., D. Parelius, and J. Bates (2014). The Parelius bird collection from Ivory Coast at the Field Museum of Natural History, and the first country record of Rufous Cisticola Cisticola rufus. Malimbus. 36: 119-122.

Fjelsdå, J., R.C.K. Bowie, and J. Kiure (2006). The Forest Batis, Batis mixta, is two species: description of a new, narrowly distributed Batis species in the Eastern Arc biodiversity hotspot. Journal of Ornithology. 147: 578-590.

Fjeldså, J., Johansson, U.S., Lokugalappatti, L.G.S. and Bowie, R.C.K. (2007) Diversification of African greenbuls in space and time: linking ecological and historical processes. Journal of Ornithology. 148: S359-367.

Fuchs, J, Bowie, R.C.K., Fjeldså, J, and Pasquet, E. (2004) Phylogenetic relationships of the African bush-shrikes and helmet-shrikes (Passeriformes: Malaconotidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 33: 428-439.

Fuchs, J., J. Fjelsdå, and E. Pasquet (2005). The use of mitochondrial and nuclear sequence data in assessing the taxonomic status of the endangered Uluguru Bush-Shirke (Malaconotus alius). Ibis. 147: 717-724.

Glen, R., R.C.K. Bowie, S. Stolberger, and G. Voelker (2011). Geographically structured plumage variation among populations of White-headed Black Chat (Mymecocichla arnotti) in Tanzania confirms the race collaris to be a valid taxon. Journal of Ornithology. 152: 63-70.

Hackett, S.J., R.T. Kimball, S. Reddy, R.C.K. Bowie, E.L. Braun, M.J. Braun, J.L. Chojnowski, W.A. Cox, K-L. Han, J. Harshman, C.J. Huddleston, B.D. Marks, K.J. Miglia, W.S. Moore, F.H. Sheldon, D.W. Steadman, C.C. Witt, and T. Yuri (2008). A phylogenomic study of birds reveals their evolutionary history. Science. 320: 1763-1768.

Irestedt, M., U.S. Johansson, T.J. Parsons, and P.G.P. Ericson (2001). Phylogeny of major lineages of suboscines (Passeriformes) analyzed by nuclear DNA sequence data. Journal of Avian Biology. 32: 15-25.

Johansson, U.S., J. Fjeldså, L.G.S. Lokugalappatti, and R.C.K. Bowie (2007) A nuclear DNA phylogeny and proposed taxonomic revision of African greenbuls (Aves, Passeriformes, Pycnonotidae). Zoologica Scripta. 36: 417-427.

Khan, N.F., K.C. Murdoch, K.A. Feldheim, B.D. Marks, and N.J. Cordeiro (2015). Isolation and development of microsatellite loci for an African woodpecker (Campethera nivosa using polymerase chain reaction and DNA sequencing . BMC Research Notes. 8: 201.

Kizungu, R., J.M. Bates, and B. Murhabale (2007). A nest of Collared Apalis Apalis ruwenzori in Kahuzi-Biega National Park, Democratic Republic of Congo. African Bird Club Bulletin. 14: 69-71.

Kizungu, B., M. Ntabaza, and M. Mburugune (1998). Ethno-ornithology of the Tembo in Eastern DRC (former Zaire): Part 1, Kalehe zone. African Study Monographs. 19: 103-113.

Lokugalappatti, L.G.S., K.A. Feldheim, A.B. Sellas, and R.C.K. Bowie (2008). Isolation and charaterization of 10 tetranucleotide microsatellite loci from the yellow-streaked greenbul (Phyllastrephus flavostriatus). Molecular Ecology Resources. 8: 342-344.

Marks, B.D. (2010). Are lowland rainforests really evolutionary museums? Phylogeography of the green hylia (Hylia prasina) in the Afrotropics. Molecular Phylogeny and Evolution. 55: 178-184.

Marks, B. D. and D.E. Willard (2005). Phylogenetic relationships of the Madagascar Pygmy Kingfisher (Ispidina madagascariensis). Auk. 122: 1271-1280.

Marks, B. D., T. P. Gnoske, and C. K. M. Ngabo (2003). Additions to the avifauna of Bwindi Impenetrable Forest and Echuya Forest Reserve, Uganda. Scopus. 23: 1–6.

Marks, B. D., J. D. Weckstein, and R. G. Moyle (2007). Molecular phylogenetics of the bee-eaters (Aves: Meropidae) based on nuclear and mitochondrial DNA sequence data. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 45: 23-32.

Marks, B. D., J.D. Weckstein, K.P. Johnson, M.J. Meyer, J. Braimah, and J. Oppong (2004). Rediscovery of White-necked Picathartes Picathartes gymnocephalus in Ghana. Bulletin of the British Ornithological Club. 124: 151-153.

Moyle, R. G., and B. D. Marks (2006). Phylogenetic relationships of the bulbuls (Aves: Pycnonotidae) based on mitochondrial and nuclear DNA sequence data. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 40:687-695.

Nguembock, B., A. Cibois, R.C.K. Bowie, C. Cruaud, and E. Pasquet (2009). Phylogeny and biogeography of the genus Illadopsis (Passeriformes: Timaliidae) reveal the complexity of diversification in some African taxa. Journal of Avian Biology. 40: 113-125.

Njabo, N.Y., Bowie, R.C.K. and Sorenson M.D. (2008). Phylogeny, biogeography and taxonomy of the African wattle-eyes (Aves: Passeriformes: Platysteiridae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 48: 136-149.

Pasquet, E.L., O. Han, A Khobkhet, and A. Cibois (2001). Towards a molecular systematics of the genus Criniger, and a preliminary phylogeny of the bulbuls (Aves, Passeriformes, Pycnonotidae). Zoosystema. 23: 857-863. pdf

Sefc, K.M., R.B. Payne, and M.D. Sorenson (2003). Phylogenetic relationships of African sunbird-like warblers: Moho (Hypergerus atriceps), Green Hylia (Hylia prasina) and Tit-hylia (Phlidornis rushiae). Ostrich. 74: 8-17.

Voelker, G., Marks, B.D., Kahindo, C., A'genonga, U., Bapeamoni, F., Duffie, L.E., Huntley, J.W., Mulotwa, E., Rosenbaum, S.A., and Light, J.E. (2013). River barriers and cryptic biodiversity in an evolutionary museum. Ecology and Evolution. doi: 10.1002/ece3.482

Voelker, G., Outlaw, R.K., Reddy, S., Tobler, M., Bates, J.M., Hackett, S.J., Kahindo, C., Marks, B.D., Peterhans, J.K., and Gnoske, T.P. (2010). A new species of boubou from the Albertine Rift (Laniidae: Lariarius). Auk. 127: 678-689.

Weckstein, J.D., B.D. Marks, R.G. Moyle, K.P. Johnson, M.J. Meyer, J. Braimah, J. Oppong, and J. Amponsah (2009). Birds recorded from surveys in Ghana's Central and Brong-Ahafo regions. Malimbus. 31: 28-46.

Willard, D.E., T.P. Gnoske, and R.M. Kityo (1996). An elevational survey of the birds of the Mubuku and Bujuku river valleys, Rwenzori Mountains, Uganda. In: The Rwenzori Mountains National Park, Uganda (H. Osmaston et al, eds.). Dept. of Geography, Makarere University.


Askay, M.A., J.C. Kostelnick, J.C. Kerbis Peterhans, & S. Leow,. (2014). Environmental stress as an indicator of anthropogenic impact across the African Albertine Rift: a case study using museum specimens. Biodiversity & Conservation. DOI 10.1007/s10531-014-0717-3.

Carleton, M.D., J.C.K. Peterhans, and W.T. Stanley (2006). Review of the Hylomyscus denniae group (Rodentia: Muridae) in eastern Africa, with comments on the generic allocation of Epimys endorobae Heller. Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 119(2): 293-325.

Huhndorf, M.H. Molecular phylogenetics and phylogeography of three species of small mammals from the Albertine Rift, East Africa. Masters thesis, Illinois State University.

Huhndorf, M.H., J.C.K. Peterhans, and S.S. Loew (2007). Comparative phylogeography of three endemic rodents from the Albertine Rift, east central Africa. Molecular Ecology. 16(3):663-674.

Kaleme, P.K., J.M. Bates, J. Kerbis Peterhans, M.M. Jacques, and B.R. Ndara (2007). Small mammal diversity in the Kahuzi-Biega National Park and surrounding areas, eastern Democratic Republic of Congo. Journal of Integrative Zoology. 2: 239-246.

Kasangaki, A., R. Kityo, J.C. Kerbis Peterhans (2003). Diversity of rodents and shrews along an elevational gradient in Bwindi-Impenetrable National Park, south-western Uganda. African Journal of Ecology. 41: 115-123.

Kerbis Peterhans, J.C., J. Fahr, M.H. Huhndorf, P. Kaleme, A.J. Plumptre, B.D. Marks, and R. Kizungu (2013). Bats (Chiroptera) from the Albertine Rift, eastern Democratic Republic of Congo, with the descriptions of two new species of the Rhinolohpus maclaudi group.. Bonn zoological Bulletin. 62: 186-202.

Kerbis Peterhans, J.C., M.H. Huhndorf, A.J. Plumptre, R. Hutterer, P. Kaleme, and B. Ndara (2013). Mammals, other than bats, from the Misotshi-Kabogo highlands (eastern Democratic Republic of Congo), with the description of two new species (Mammalia: Soricidae). Bonn zoological Bulletin. 62: 203-219.

Kerbis Peterhans, J.C., R. Hutterer, P. Kaliba, and L. Mazibuko (2008). First record of Myosorex (Mammalia: Soricidae) from Malawi with description as a new species, Myosorex gnoskei. Journal of East African Natural History. 97: 19-32.

Kerbis Peterhans, J.C., R. Hutterer, J. Mwanga, B. Ndara, L. Davenport, I.B. Karhagomba, and J. Udelhoven. 2010. African shrews endemic to the Albertine Rift: Two new species of Myosorex (Mammalia: Soricidae) from Burundi and the Democratic Republic of Congo. Journal of East African Natural History. 99: 103-128.

Kerbis Peterhans, J.C., R.M. Kityo, W.T. Stanley, and P.K. Austin (1996). Small mammals along an elevational gradient in Rwenzori National Park, Uganda. In: The Rwenzori Mountains National Park, Uganda (H. Osmaston et al, eds.). Dept. of Geography, Makarere University.

Loew, S.S., Jonas, M.A., and Kostelnick, J.C. 2013. A GIS-based approach for relating anthropogenic impact and environmental stress: A case study within the African Albertine Rift. Geocarto International. DOI:10.1080/10106049.2012.743600

Quérouil, S., Hutterer, R., Barrière, P., Colyn, M., Peterhans, J.C.K., and Verheyen, E. 2001. Phylogeny and Evolution of African Shrews (Mammalia: Soricidae) Inferred from 16s rRNA Sequences. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 20(2): 185-195.

van der Straeten, E. and J.C.K. Peterhans (1999). Praomys degraafi, a new species of Muridae (Mammalia) from Central Africa. South African Journal of Zoology. 34(2): 80-90.


Balagizi K., I. 2014. Teaching medicinal/wild foods plants through the Curriculum: Challenges and opportunities (Vers la construction du savoir sur les plantes medicinales en milieu scolaire congolais). M.Sc. Thesis, Institut Supérieur Pédagogique de Bukavu. Click here for the English abstract | Click here for full text

Blom, A. and Bowie, R.C.K. (2004). Albertine Rift montane forest. In: Burgess, N., D'Amico, J. Underwood, E. and Dinerstein E. Terrestrial ecoregions of Africa and Madagascar: a conservation assessment. Island Press. ISBN: 1-55963-364-6

Kahindo, C., R.C.K. Bowie, and J.M. Bates (2007). The relevance of data on genetic diversity for the conservation of Afro-montane regions. Biological Conservation. 134: 262-270.

Plumptre, A.J., T.R.B. Davenport, M. Behangana, R. Kityo, G. Eilu, P. Ssegawa, C. Ewango, D. Meirte, C. Kahindo, M. Herremans, J. Kerbis Peterhans, J.D. Pilgrim, M. Wilson, M. Languy, and D. Moyer (2007). The biodiversity of the Albertine Rift. Biological Conservation. 134:178-194.


Hildebrand, J., E.E. Pulis, and V.V. Tkach (2015). Redescription and phylogenetic relationships of the rare Lyperosomum sarothrurae Baer, 1959 (Digenea: Dicrocoeliidae). Acta Parasitologica 60(3): 371-377.

Klimov, P.B., A.V. Bochkov, and B.M. OConner (2015). Phylogenetic position of the house dust mite subfamily Guatemalichinae (Acariformes: Pyroglyphidae) based on integrated molecular and morphological analyses and different measures of support. Cladistics DOI: 10.1111/cla.12126.

Lutz, H.L., W.M. Hochachka, J.I. Engel, J.A. Bell, V.V. Tkach, J.M. Bates, S.J. Hackett, and J.D. Weckstein (2015). Parasite Prevalence Corresponds to Host Life History in a Diverse Assemblage of Afrotropical Birds and Haemosporidian Parasites. PLoS ONE 10(4): e0121254. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0121254.


Lawson, L. (2010). The discordance of diversification: evolution in the tropical-montane frogs of the Eastern Arc Mountains of Tanzania. Molecular Ecology. 19: 4046-4060.

Lawson, L. (2013). Diversification in a biodiversity hotspot: Landscape correlates of phylogeographic patterns in the Africa spotted reed frog. Molecular Ecology. doi: 10.1111/mec.12229.

Kusamba, C., A. Resetar, V. Wallach, K. Lulengo, and Z. T. Nagy (2013). Mouthful of snake: An African snake-eater’s (Polemon fulvicollis graueri) large typhlopid prey. Herpetology Notes. 6: 235-237.


Bavhure, B., F.M. Kasali, A.O. Mahano, K. Minzangi, A. Matabaro, I. Mwanga, and J.N. Kadima. Fatty Acid Composition of Lebrunia bushiae Staner and Tephrosia vogelii Hook. f. Seed Oils. European Journal of Medicinal Plants. 4: 844-853.

Kazadi, M., C. Kusamba, i.M. Mwanga, A. Matabaro, K.N. Ngbolua, and P.T. Mpiana (2015). Floristic survey and wild oilseed plants frequency in Lwiro and Idjwi Island ecosystems in Albertine Rift. Journal of Advanced Botany and Zoology. 2(4): 1-8.

Minzangi, K.. Study of oil from wild plants of Kivu, DR Congo. Lambert Academic Publishers, Germany. Abstract. Cover and photos.

Kazadi, M., M.T. Bokota, and P.T. Mpiana (2014). Potential New Sources of Oleic Acids from Wild Plants from Kivu, DR Congo. Journal of Physical and Chemical Sciences. 1(2): 1-4.

Minzangi, K., A.N. Kaaya, F. Kansiime, J.R.S. Tabuti, and B. Samvura (2011). Oil content and physicochemical characteristics of some wild oilseed plants from Kivu region Eastern Democratic Republic of Congo. African Journal of Biotechnology. 10: 189-195.

Minzangi, K., A.N. Kaaya, F. Kansiime, J.R.S. Tabuti, B. Samvura, and O. Grahl-Nielsen (2011). Fatty acid composition of seed oils from selected wild plants of Kahuzi-Biega National Park and surroundings, Democratic Republic of Congo. African Journal of Food Science. 5:219-226.

Kazadi, M., J.N. Kadima, J.N., A.N. Kaaya, B. Matthäus, P. Van Damme, B. Samvura, D.E. Mosibono, K. Belesi, and P.T. Mpiana (2015). Fatty acids and tocopherols content in fractionated oils from five wild oilseed plants native to Kahuzi-Biega National Park, Kivu-DR Congo European Journal of Medicinal Plants. 10: 1-9.

Kazadi, M., Mpiana, P.T., Bokota, M.T., Ngbolua, K.N., Baswira, S., and P. Van Damme (2014). The Occurrence of Very Long-Chain fatty acids in oils from Wild Plant species Originated from Kivu, Democratic Republic of the Congo. Journal of Advancement in Medical and Life Sciences. 2(1):1-4.

Minzangi, K., Mpiana, P.T., Samvura, B., Kaaya, A.N., Bertrand, M., and Kadima, J.N. (2015). Composition of fatty acids and tocopherols content in oilseeds of six wild selected plants from Kahuzi-Biega National Park/DR. Congo. European Journal of Medicinal Plants. 8: 157-166.

An illustration of all species of sooty boubous (Laniarius) that was published in Voelker et al. (2010). The new species, Willard’s Sooty Boubou (Laniarius willardi) is second from the top, distinguished by its gray eyes. Illustration by © Velisar Simeonovski.